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How to Classify Web Pages with ChatGPT

Delve into the practical applications and benefits of web page classification for businesses with the help of ChatGPT.

August 28, 2023

7 min read

Dan Cucolea

Dan Cucolea

Web page classification involves categorizing web pages by examining their content, structure, or other characteristics. Search engines use web page classification to filter and rank search results, ensuring users are presented with the most relevant content. Online advertising platforms also benefit from classification, as they can target ads based on the content of the pages where they appear.

One of the main challenges in web page classification is accurately assigning a given web page to one or more predefined classes based on its content and structure. This task can become highly complex with the sheer volume of web pages and the diversity of online content.

Web pages can mix text, images, video, and other media, spanning multiple topics. More than that, the classification criteria themselves can be subjective, making it even harder to create an accurate and consistent system.

In this article, we’ll cover some of the most common ways web pages are classified. We'll also delve into the practical applications and benefits of web page classification for businesses, from improving user experience and search engine optimization to enabling more effective targeted advertising.

Why is web page classification important?

In the age of information overload, it's not uncommon for a simple search on Google to yield millions of results, making it impossible for users to sift through each page to find relevant information.

Given this overwhelming volume of information, we can use web page classification to personalize our online experience by recommending content relevant to our interests.

Another approach is to build a classifier that can pre-identify which URLs in search results are important and relevant to what the user is looking for. These strategies can significantly improve the efficiency and effectiveness of online search and discovery, helping users find the information they need more quickly and with less effort.

Types of web page classification

Web page classification can be approached from several angles, depending on the specific goals of the classification task.

These approaches differ in terms of the criteria they use to categorize web pages and the level of detail and granularity they offer.

Article / Non-article

The distinction between articles and non-articles is crucial for many web-related tasks, such as search engine optimization, content curation, and targeted advertising, as it helps identify a web page's primary purpose and audience.

You can use AI to group all pages classified as blog posts versus all pages that serve different purposes, such as privacy policy pages, contact pages, or landing pages.

Sales / Informational

Another important type of classification is between sales pages and informational pages. Sales pages are designed with the primary goal of converting visitors into customers. They often include persuasive language, calls to action, and pricing information. On the other hand, informational pages aim to provide valuable content, educate the audience, or offer solutions to specific problems without directly selling a product or service.

Understanding this distinction is vital for businesses and marketers to allocate resources effectively. For instance, sales pages may require more aggressive SEO strategies and targeted advertising to drive conversions. In contrast, informational pages benefit from high-quality content and backlinks to improve their authority and search ranking.

Curated / User-generated

This classification can help businesses understand and manage the types of content they offer on their platforms.

Curated content is carefully selected, edited, and organized by the business or its editorial team. This type of content often reflects the brand's voice, expertise, and strategic messaging. It allows companies to control the narrative, ensuring that the information presented aligns with their goals and values.

As its name suggests, User-Generated Content (UGC) is created by the users or customers of the service. This can include reviews, testimonials, forum posts, and social media mentions. UGC adds a layer of authenticity and social proof to a business, as it represents the unfiltered voice of the customer.

Classifying web pages based on these two factors has practical implications that can significantly impact a business's bottom line, as it allows for a more organized and targeted approach to content management.


The ability to accurately classify web pages as being part of an e-commerce site has several practical implications.

One use case is online advertising. Identifying e-commerce websites gives advertisers the opportunity to target ads to users who are already browsing specific e-commerce sites and tailor their advertising campaigns specifically for potential customers, increasing the likelihood of conversions.

Another use case is market analysis. Business analysts can take advantage of this classification by directly browsing product pages without surfing various irrelevant pages. This classification also allows for tracking consumer reviews, ratings, and feedback, helping businesses improve their products and services based on customer input.

Ways to classify web pages

Each method of classifying web pages has advantages and limitations, and your choice depends on factors such as the number of web pages you want to classify, your desired accuracy level, and the task's specific requirements.

Let's explore traditional classification methods and see how ChatGPT revolutionizes the process.


Manual classification involves a human analyzing the content of a web page and categorizing it based on predefined criteria. This method can be effective when dealing with a small number of web pages, and using a tool like Excel can help facilitate the process by creating spreadsheets to organize and keep track of the categorized web pages.

The most significant disadvantage to this method is that it’s time-consuming, tedious, and impractical when dealing with a large number of pages. You also run the risk of human bias and inconsistency in classification. While manual classification can be helpful for specific tasks, it's not the most efficient option, especially when automated, more scalable methods are available.

Machine Learning Algorithms

Machine learning algorithms can be trained on labeled data (web pages that have already been categorized) to learn patterns and features that distinguish different types of pages. Once trained, the algorithm can automatically classify new, unlabeled web pages.

Machine learning offers the advantage of quickly processing large amounts of data with high accuracy and consistency. The downside? This approach requires a certain level of technical expertise to implement and fine-tune the algorithms. Moreover, training a machine learning model requires a labeled dataset, which may not be readily available.


ChatGPT can help you classify web pages even if you don’t have a deep understanding of technical jargon or possess the advanced technical expertise required to use machine learning. You just have to ask it to do so.

And, to make things even more efficient, you can use tools like URL2Text to convert web pages into pure text by stripping unnecessary HTML tags, inline CSS, and JS scripts. This conversion reduces token usage, saving costs, especially when summarizing complex web pages.

You can then paste the text into a chat inside ChatGPT’s UI or send it to the OpenAI API to classify web pages at scale.

When using URL2text, chunk the text carefully to maintain context across each piece, as the accuracy of the classification depends on the quality of the chunking and conversion process. If done correctly, this method can lead to high-quality classifications without the need for extensive technical expertise.

Here’s a great example of how to tag and categorize content with ChatGPT via the OpenAI API.


If you want to optimize your online presence, consider the power of web page classification. It's not just for search engines and ad platforms; it's a game-changer for any business aiming to achieve specific goals, from boosting sales to building brand loyalty. With ChatGPT, you can simplify this complex task, gaining both speed and accuracy that manual methods can't match.

So, what's the next step for you? Start by evaluating your existing web content. Use ChatGPT to categorize your pages into meaningful classes like Curated / User-Generated or Sales / Informational. This will give you actionable insights into how each type of content serves your business objectives. From there, you can tailor your content strategy, SEO efforts, and advertising campaigns to be more effective and targeted.

In closing, don't let the complexity of web page classification intimidate you. With tools like ChatGPT, you're well-equipped to tackle this challenge head-on.

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